What Do Goats Eat? Tips on Goats feeding

Are you a goat farmer and you are wondering what the best feeds to give to your goats are? Worry no more for you are not alone. Choosing the best pastures for goats can be a challenging exercise for many farmers. Just like human beings, goats to require to be fed on a balanced diet. But the question with most farmers is to know which are the best vegetable, forage, minerals and cereals for goats.

This article seeks to inform the goat farmers enthusiasts the bests feed to give to their goats. In doing so, it will explore topics like what goats eats for treats, what goats eat in the winter, what vegetables do goats eat, and what fruits do they eat among other issues.

What Do Goats Eat?

Goats are herbivores animals in the scientific classification of animals mode of feeding. These are animals which have been physiologically adapted to feed on plant material. Such vegetations include fruits, leaves, grasses, vegetables, roots and bulbs. These must form the main diet for your goats.

What Type Of Legumes Do Goats Eat

Among the preferable kind of vegetable by goats are legumes. To support a vibrant growth performance in your goats, you need to feed them with feeds of high quality other than grass.

Supplementing your goats’ diet with feeds rich in nitrogen will enhance maximum rumen microbial growth and activities. This will help to maximize nutrient intake for better growth and development performance of your goat.  Among the legumes highly liked by goats are;


It is a legume that acts nectar for goats. It is rich in protein, has a high content of legume fat and has a high amount of minerals.


It is a sweet legume that is every goat enjoys eating. It is rich in nitrogen and protein.

What Type Of Grass To Feed The Goats?

The question of what is the best nutritious grass for goats? is a common question for goats farmers or anyone who is planning to keep goats.

In fact, goats are quite selective in their munching whenever they are grazing on the forage before them. Therefore, this question is very valid for every farmer.

To meet the goat’s nutritional needs from grasses, one should ensure he feeds his goats with a variety of grass. This will help to keep goats healthy and well-fed. For success and profitable goat, business one need to have a good understanding of the kind of grass goats like most. Here are common grasses that goats enjoy;


This is a weed that is suitable to grow in almost all type of environment. It is not preferable for feeding goats due to its nutrition value since it is a low-quality food source for goats.

Most farmers like it due to its competitive ability and its endurance during a drought period. Having this grass ensures that your goats will not go hungry even in dry seasons.


This is a tall grass variety that thrives in moderate temperatures. Its drought resistance and a perennial grass that goats find it easy to digest. It has high nutritional value and mineral content.

Other grasses include:

  • Fescue
  • Millet
  • Timothy
  • Ryegrass

What Do Goats Eat For Treats?

If you love keeping goats, you would agree that goats do like to eat a tasty treat. With their four stomachs, they can hardly get enough, and it is in their nature sack take snacks throughout the day. Most snacks are rich fibre which is necessary to keep their body in optimal health.

Treats should be fed on goats as a supplement but not as the main feed. A healthy and a well-fed goat will enjoy treats like raisins, corns chips and some few slices of bread.

One should feed snacks in small quantities during snack time. One should ensure that these snacks are in mall pieces before feeding them to the goats. This will help to prevent choking. In feeding goats with snacks, caution should be taken not to supply them with carnivores’ snack like those of dogs and cats. This is because goats are herbivores, and such snack may not be compatible with their digestion.

Can Goats Feed On Chaffhaye?

The direct and straightforward answer to this question is, yes, they can. Chaffhaye is grass or legume that is harvested early from the field. It is then cut into smaller chunks and then mixed with some molasses. It is then put in bags and then given time to ferment.

The fermentation process helps to increase bacteria in the hay, which makes it easy for goats to digest. Additionally, it also adds more minerals, nutrients and energy to the food. It is a known fact that the main threat in goat keeping is their digestive system. Messing up with this system can cause the death of goats easily.

Therefore, any food that would increase beneficial bacteria to their digestive system is highly preferable.

What Kind Of Grains Can Goats Eat?

Grains are rich in energy content, and goats feed on them to supplement the energy they get from forage. There mainly four types of grains fed on goats are, whole grain, pelleted grains, rolled grains and texturized.

  • Whole grain grains are the unprocessed regular grains. They are supplied to goats along with grasses like hay. They should be given with moderation since too many of these grains are not suitable for their digestion.
  • Pelleted grains. These are either milled or byproducts of grains that have been turned into pellets using a binding agent. They are nutritious for goats, and some come medicated to improve your goats’ health.
  • Rolled grain. The only different with whole grains is that these grains have been rolled. An example of these grains is oats.
  • Texturized grains. They resemble the rolled ones only that these are mixed with other grains to add more nutrients

What Do Goats Feeds On During Winter Season?

During winter there are hardly any farming activities taking place. Animal feed, include goat feeds, are scarce. But this doesn’t mean there’re no available food for goats during this season.

The primary source of food for goat during winter is stored hay. This is hay that was harvested in summer and stored correctly for future use. It is stored with minimal moisture content that prevents it from rotting, thus, making it easy to save for a longer time.

The other possible source of goat food in this season is ryegrass. It is a perennial grass that is common in a mid-temperature environment. They are nutritious supplementary feeds for goats during winter. They are mainly mixed with hay to boost the nutrient content in the feed.

What Do Goats Eat In The Wild?

Goats like any other herbivore do feed on wild vegetation. Once they are out in the wild, as are both grazers and browsers, feed on both grass and shrubs. They mainly prefer soft leaves and weeds in the wild.

What Vegetables Can Goat Eat?

Vegetables are fundamentally crucial to goats as they are to human beings. They are a rich source of nutrients like potassium, fibre, vitamins, both A and C. These nutrients are essential for proper bowel functions. They also help to reduce and prevent diverticulosis and constipation.

Additionally, they help to build disease resistance and healing of wounds in case of injuries.

Can Goats Eat Carrots?

Carrots are among the most likeable vegetable for goats. In fact, they are a useful treat. Carrots are rich in nutrients which needed for proper development and growth of your goats. Among these nutrients are, beta carotene, vitamin K1, antioxidant 1 and it is also rich in fibre. These nutrients help to improve health and provide more energy for your goats.

Can Goats Feed On Bananas?

Banana peels can be converted into goats’ feeds. They contain a high content of protein, and other nutrients goats highly need them. For this reason, they are an excellent alternative feed for ruminant animals, and in our case for goats.

Goats also like ripe bananas. They are also useful as a treat due to their sweet taste. These ripe bananas, like any other fruit, these bananas are rich in vitamins which helps to build the immune system of your goats. They can also be mixed with hay and other grass to increase feeding incentive of the grass, especially if they are dry grass.

Can Goats Feed On Apples?

Goats do love feeding on crabs. The only problem is if you give it too much of them, they are likely to cause fermentation in their digestive system. This fermentation causes bloat in the goat’s rumen, just like overfeeding whole grain will do. In case your apple tree is filled up, do not waste or throw away your apple, they use them as a useful supplement or treats for your goats.

Can Goats Feed On Kales And Cabbages?

If you are keeping dairy goats, kales and cabbages and other leafy vegetables should form part of the daily diet of your goats. Milk ends when the food runs out, not the milk. Feeds like hay and grains are like candy to goats. Regularly do not provide satisfaction with your herd needs.

To meet this satisfaction, one needs to supplement the goat feeds with some green leafy vegetables, especially kales and cabbages. But care should be taken not to supply them with an excess of this, especially kales. This is because Kales produce a poisonous gas that can lead to fermentation in the goat’s rumen. This automatically leads to bloating, which can even cause the death of your herd. Thus, as you supplement your feeds with these vegetables, be sure to feed them in moderation.

Can Goats Eat Strawberry?

Strawberry is among the most preferred treats by goats. Mainly their sweetness makes them likable by goats. Besides this, strawberry is rich in vitamin C, fibre, folic acid and potassium. These nutrients are essential for supporting the daily functions of a goat’s body.

Do Goats Need Supplements?

Feed supplements are a crucial part of animal feeds. Some of the vital nutrients that goats need for maximum production and healthy bodies are not present in the adequate amount on vegetation material they eat.

This is why it is essential to include some supplements in the diet of your goats. Such supplement includes:

Black oil sunflower seed:

They are rich in vitamin E, which helps to improve your goat’s muscles and ensures proper reproductive health.

Kelp meal

This is a significant source of iodine for goats. For the farmers who keep goats for milk production purposes, this mineral is essential for boosting milk production. It’s the ability of goats converting food taken into milk.

Baking soda

The digestive system of a goat is susceptible to the food the goat eats. The problem of bloating in the rumen is possible to solve it by giving your goat baking soda by mixing it in the food you are offering. The loose minerals contained in it aids the digestion and prevent bloat. [learn more]

What Not To Feed Goats

You have probably heard people saying that goats eat everything. This conception is not valid. Some vegetation when given to goats can cause serious harm to their digestive system to the point of causing death.

It is therefore essential to make a careful selection of the feeds to give to your goats. Below are some of the feeding materials that are not advisable to give to your goats.

  • Crotalaria
  • Avocado
  • Milkweed
  • Wild Cherries
  • Azaleas
  • Chocolate

You should also avoid excessive feeding of vegetation materials with oxalates. These vegetations include,

  • Peach And Palm
  • Kale
  • Lily Of The Valley
  • Holly Tree And Bushes
  • Lilacs
  • Nightshade Vegetable

The above-listed feeds sare considered to have a digestion process that is not compatible with that of goats.

Following the discussion above, this article has been able to clearly outline what to feed your goats and what to avoid. The aim is to help farmers who keep goats to make informed choices when selecting the feed materials to give to your goats.

Therefore, next time you go to feed your goats to ensure that give your goats the best food, to build their body and improve their health.

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I am a homesteading enthusiast, a published writer, and director at FROMSCRATCHMAG. My experience in areas such as brand management, graphic design, and photography are valuable additions to our writing team. When I am not writing or publishing anything, I am out gardening in my small farm or cooking. I am also an herbalist, an experience I use to spread the word about sustainable living.

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